You probably already know that Zika virus is transmitted by certain types of mosquitoes. While these mosquitoes are prevalent in South America, they are now making their way into the southern parts of the US (Texas, Florida, etc). It should be stated right here that there are other ways to become infected with Zika (sexual transmission, blood transfusions, etc), but this article will concentrate on how to prevent infection via direct mosquito bites. This information is very important for survivalists, soldiers, hunters, and others who spend a lot of time outdoors, especially in the woods or near water. However, the general public can benefit from this information as well.
Zika 101: What We Know
- There is currently no vaccine that will prevent the Zika virus disease
- Avoiding mosquito bites is the only real prevention
- Zika mosquitoes bite more often in the daytime than nighttime
- Zika mosquitoes can also carry dengue and chikungunya viruses
- Use condoms to prevent sexual transmission of Zika
Preventing Mosquito Bites:
- Always wear pants and long-sleeved shirts when outdoors in mosquito-prone areas
- If sleeping outdoors, sleep under a mosquito net
- Use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside
- Use the proper repellents: These should be Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents and your selection should contain one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol
When used per instructions, EPA-registered insect repellents are safe and effective, even for pregnant and breast-feeding women. Do not forget to reapply repellent as directed. When using sunscreen, apply sunscreen before applying repellent. You should not use insect repellent on children younger than 2 months old. Do not use repellents that contain oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol on children who are less than 3 years old. Make sure arms and legs are covered. Use mosquito netting over baby carriers, cribs, and strollers when needed.
Zika Signs and Symptoms:
(Note: Travelers (including soldiers, sailors, survivalists, airmen, etc) returning to the United States from an area with Zika should ensure that they take the proper steps to prevent mosquito bites for 3 weeks in order to make sure they do not spread Zika to US mosquitoes that could spread the virus to other people.)
- Pain in joints
For most healthy people, the symptoms are mild and can last from several days to about a week or so.
However, mounting evidence suggests that pregnant women who have the Zika virus infection may encounter early pregnancy loss, microcephaly, and other pregnancy problems. Pregnant women should consult with their healthcare provider if they, or their male sex partners, recently traveled to an area with Zika. This should be done even if they do not feel sick.
Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of US Patriot Tactical.
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