Water, food, shelter, and security are the four things that must be in place for one to survive. This is true no matter where you are or what your situation is. But, how much of each of those four items do you need? Security must be a constant. If you are under physical threat that you cannot secure yourself from, you will die. After that, we use the rule of threes: You can survive three weeks without food, three days without water, three hours without shelter, and three minutes without air, as a rule of thumb.
So, if you can go three weeks, almost a month, without food, why do you have so much food in your bug-out-bag? Your BOB is only meant to take care of you for 72 hours – 3 days in which you have all the food, water, shelter, and security you need to get away from a bad situation and come up with a more permanent plan. Water is heavy and bulky, but very important. You can survive about three days without water, but for only about one day of it will you be hydrated enough to do much of anything. Shelter systems take up a bunch of room as well but exposure can kill faster than dehydration. Food is the only category you can cut back on and not lose out.
If the average person is supposed to consume 2000 calories a day, you can assume that in a survival situation, you will need about 2,500 calories per day, or 7,500 calories for three days. A survival calorie bar is 3,600. Two of those are almost all you need for three days’ worth of energy and take up very little room. A regular “Meal Ready to Eat” or, MRE contains about 1,200 calories and is about three times the size of one calorie bar. And tuna that comes in a foil packet will take up very little room and has a good shelf life, but it only provides about 100 calories making it more of a snack.
All three items have their place in a BOB though. They are all lightweight, provide energy, can survive a long time under rough conditions, and taste well enough to most people. How you use the three is almost as important as having them in the first place though. If you have made a BOB, you figure things can get bad in a hurry. If you are actively using your BOB, then things have gone bad in a hurry. What are the odds that things can go from bad to worse? Count on it. Because of that, you should carry one or two MREs, two calorie bars, and two packets of tuna so that you can be ready for the “worse” part of bugging out.
If your bag has to be ditched or is lost for any reason, all of your gear is lost. I would hope that you have an energy bar or something in a pocket, should that happen. I don’t usually walk around with a bunch of food in my pants though, and I would likely have little more of anything than what was in my bag. By carrying the suggested variety, you can correct this issue. As soon as you have a chance, throw a calorie bar and a tuna packet into a pants pocket. Now you have almost two days’ worth of calories even if you lose your bag. Inside the bag, you have almost 5000 calories, which you should eat first.
By the time you have gone through the food in your bag, you should have come up with a plan for finding more food, leaving the food moved to your pants for an emergency. Remember, if you can live long enough to starve to death (a month), you should be able to find food – somewhere, somehow.
Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of US Patriot Tactical.